Islamic Republic Of Iran
Official language (s): Persian
Recognized regional Languages: Azari, Kurdish, Mazandarani, Gilaki, Baluchi & Arabic
Government: Islamic Republic
National Day: 1st April
Total Area: 1,648,195 km2
Population: 74,689,637 (2009 estimate)
GDP PPP: $830.058 Billion
Population Density: 45/km2
Population Growth Rate: 1.6%
Literacy Rate: 84.6%
The 18th largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 km, Iran has a population of over 70 million. It is a country of particular geostrategic significance owing to its location in the Middle East & central Eurasia. Iran is bordered on the north by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. As Iran is a littoral state of the Caspian Sea, which is an inland sea and condominium, Kazakhstan and Russia are also Iran's direct neighbors to the north. Iran is bordered on the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, on the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, on the west by Iraq and on the northwest by Turkey. Tehran is the capital, the country's largest city and the political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the nation. Iran is a regional power, and holds an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas.
Some interesting facts are:
Iran is home to one of the world's oldest continuous major civilizations
Iran is made up of Persians (51%), Azeris (24%), Gilaki and Mazandarani (8%), Kurds (7%), Arabs (3%), Baluchi (2%), Lurs (2%), Turkmens (2%), Laks, Qashqai, Armenians, Persian Jews, Georgians, Assyrians, Circassians, Tats, Mandaeans, Gypsies, Brahuis, Hazara, Kazakhs and others (1%)
Three fourth Iranians over 15 can read and write.
Iran is the 2nd in the world in natural gas & oil reserves. It is OPECs 2nd largest oil exporter
Iran's second largest export commodity is carpets
Unemployment in Iran is about 12%.
On the first level of country subdivisions of Iran are the provinces. Each province is further subdivided into counties called Shahrestan , and each Shahrestan is subdivided into districts called Bakhsh, There are usually a few cities and rural agglomerations in each county. Rural agglomerations are a collection of a number of villages.
Facts & Figures:
Birth rate = 16.89 Births/1,000 population
Death rate = 5.69 Deaths/1,000 population
Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) = 30 in 100,000 live birth
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) = 18.3%
Crude Death Rate (CDR) = 6%
Skilled Birth Attendance = 97.3%
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) = 17.9 Deaths/1,000 Live Births
Life Expectancy at Birth =
Total population: 70.86 years
Male: 71.1 years
Female: 73.1 years
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) = 1.78 children born/woman